Putting Design Thinking To Work In Banking

Prof. Thomas Klueter, Josemaría Siota and Oliver Wyman consultants recommend customer-centric approach

03/05/2017 Barcelona

Design thinking | IESE Business School
Design thinking puts the end-user, the customer, at the center, and creates a workplace atmosphere that encourages creative ideas and values diverse teams / Photo: Roger Rovira

You don’t have to be a start-up in the sharing economy to benefit from design thinking. Even a traditional sector such as financial services stands to gain from adopting its customer-centric focus.

Applying design thinking to banking is the topic of a panel discussion Wednesday in the Barcelona campus by IESE Prof. Thomas Klueter and Josemaría Siota; Dieter Staib and Sam Taylor of Oliver Wyman consultancy; Raimundo Sala, managing director of PayPal; and Rob Brown, global head of marketing and design at BBVA.

The starting-point for the discussion is an insightful recent report, “Design Thinking: The New DNA of the Financial Sector”, authored by the Klueter and Siota, together with Staib, Taylor and Iñigo Ania of Oliver Wyman as well, on ways to apply design thinking in the financial-services sector.


Focus on Customer, Creativity and Diversity

The financial services sector is facing multiple challenges, from increased regulatory demands to sluggish economic growth and low interest rates. Fintech startups such as PayPal threaten to undermine traditional revenue sources and ways of doing business.

Design thinking may provide the solution, according to the report, which seeks to answer the question: “How can banks boost their growth by successfully applying design thinking in a de-banking era?”

Design thinking puts the end-user, the customer, at the center, and creates a workplace atmosphere that encourages creative ideas and values diverse teams. It requires that leadership shifts the way it devises strategy, beginning by understanding client needs and behaviors and then working back from there.

And there have been notable success stories of banks using design thinking, from Singapore's OCBC Bank, to Auckland Savings Bank, Bank of America, Barclays PLC and National Australian Bank.

But there will be obstacles to overcome. Design thinking puts new demands on leadership, teams and individuals; a recent survey found that 63 percent of those involved in innovation processes in the financial sector said design-thinking initiatives had not advanced.
 

5 Steps to Applying Design Thinking

The authors identify five stages in the successful design-thinking process:

  1. Empathize: Understand the problems and needs of end-users.
  2. Define: Review information and home in on the problem, setting specific goals.
  3. Ideate: Generate new ideas to solve problems.
  4. Prototype: Get the idea out there, quickly, to start receiving feedback immediately.
  5. Test: Directly seek feedback from the end-users.

This process can help financial services companies understand customer needs and behaviors, allowing firms to build out prototypes, test and learn from them, and finally launch the products and services that will help them succeed. Improving the user experience will better banks’ customer relationships and add to the value proposition of the bank’s business model, the report says.

“We believe that while the banking sector is going through a period of disruption driven by digitization, new regulations, changing customer behaviors, low growth perspectives, a sticky cost base, and increased competition, this is not the end of the sector,” the authors say in the report. “Our view, instead, is that this marks the genesis of the banking sector’s new DNA: a combination of changes in business models, agile execution, and design thinking.”


More information in IESE Insight